Light: Science & Applications (2017)

Hybrid Remote Quantum Dot/Powder Phosphor Designs for Display Backlights
Sofie Abé, Jonas J. Joos, Lisa I. D. J. Martin, Zeger Hens, Philippe F. Smet
Light: Science & Applications 6 (2017) e16271

Abstract
Quantum dots are ideally suited for color conversion in light emitting diodes (LEDs) owing to their spectral tunability, high conversion efficiency and narrow emission bands. These properties are particularly important for display backlights; the highly saturated colors generated by QDs justify their higher production cost. Here, we demonstrate the benefits of a hybrid remote phosphor approach that combines a green-emitting europium-doped phosphor with red-emitting CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots. Different stacking geometries, including mixed and separate layers of both materials, are studied at the macroscopic and microscopic levels to identify the configuration that achieves maximum device efficiency while minimizing material usage. The influence of reabsorption, optical outcoupling and refractive index matching between the layers is evaluated in detail with respect to device efficiency and cost. From the findings of this study, general guidelines are derived to optimize both the cost and efficiency of CdSe/CdS and other (potentially cadmium-free) quantum dot systems. When reabsorption of the green and/or red emission is significant compared to the absorption strength for the blue emission of the pumping LED, the hybrid remote phosphor approach becomes beneficial.

Keywords: cost-efficiency, lanthanide, light-emitting diode, nanocrystal, remote phosphor

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