Optics Express (2010)

Photometry in the dark : time dependent visibility of low intensity light sources
Dirk Poelman, Philippe F. Smet
Optics Express 18 (2010) 26293-26299

Abstract
This paper aims at describing the perceived brightness of persistent luminescent materials for emergency signage. In case of emergency, typically, a fully light adapted person is left in the dark, except for the emergency sign. The available photometric models cannot describe visibility of such light source, as they do not consider the slow dark adaptation of the human eye. The model proposed here fully takes into account the shift from photopic to scotopic vision, the related shift in spectral sensitivity and the dark adaptation. The resulting metric is a ?visibility index? and preliminary tests show that it more realistically describes the perceived brightness of persistent luminescent materials than the common photometric standards.

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